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Per-user web directories - Apache HTTP Server Version 2.4








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Apache HTTP Server Version 2.4



Apache > HTTP Server > Documentation > Version 2.4 > How-To / TutorialsPer-user web directories

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On systems with multiple users, each user can be permitted to have a
    web site in their home directory using the UserDir directive. Visitors
    to a URL http://example.com/~username/ will get content
    out of the home directory of the user "username", out of
    the subdirectory specified by the UserDir directive.
Note that, by default, access to these directories is not
    enabled. You can enable access when using UserDir by uncommenting the line:
    #Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

    in the default config file conf/httpd.conf, and adapting the httpd-userdir.conf
    file as necessary, or by including the appropriate directives in a
    <Directory> block
    within the main config file.

 Per-user web directories
 Setting the file path with UserDir
 Redirecting to external URLs
 Restricting what users are permitted to use this
    feature
 Enabling a cgi directory for each user
 Allowing users to alter configuration
See alsoMapping URLs to the FilesystemComments


Per-user web directories
    
    Related ModulesRelated Directivesmod_userdirUserDirDirectoryMatchAllowOverride
    

Setting the file path with UserDir
    

    The UserDir
    directive specifies a directory out of which per-user
    content is loaded. This directive may take several different forms.

    If a path is given which does not start with a leading slash, it is
    assumed to be a directory path relative to the home directory of the
    specified user. Given this configuration:

    UserDir public_html


    the URL http://example.com/~rbowen/file.html will be
    translated to the file path
    /home/rbowen/public_html/file.html

    If a path is given starting with a slash, a directory path will be
    constructed using that path, plus the username specified. Given this
    configuration:

    UserDir /var/html


    the URL http://example.com/~rbowen/file.html will be
    translated to the file path /var/html/rbowen/file.html

    If a path is provided which contains an asterisk (*), a path is used
    in which the asterisk is replaced with the username. Given this
    configuration:

    UserDir /var/www/*/docs


    the URL http://example.com/~rbowen/file.html will be
    translated to the file path
    /var/www/rbowen/docs/file.html

    Multiple directories or directory paths can also be set.

    UserDir public_html /var/html


    For the URL http://example.com/~rbowen/file.html,
    Apache will search for ~rbowen. If it isn't found,
    Apache will search for rbowen in /var/html. If
    found, the above URL will then be translated to the file path
    /var/html/rbowen/file.html

  

Redirecting to external URLs
    
    The UserDir directive can be
      used to redirect user directory requests to external URLs.

    UserDir http://example.org/users/*/


    The above example will redirect a request for
    http://example.com/~bob/abc.html to
    http://example.org/users/bob/abc.html.
  

Restricting what users are permitted to use this
    feature
    

    Using the syntax shown in the UserDir documentation, you can restrict
    what users are permitted to use this functionality:

    UserDir disabled root jro fish


    The configuration above will enable the feature for all users
    except for those listed in the disabled statement.
    You can, likewise, disable the feature for all but a few users by
    using a configuration like the following:

    UserDir disabled
UserDir enabled rbowen krietz


    See UserDir
    documentation for additional examples.

  

Enabling a cgi directory for each user
  

   In order to give each user their own cgi-bin directory, you can use
    a <Directory>
    directive to make a particular subdirectory of a user's home directory
    cgi-enabled.

    <Directory "/home/*/public_html/cgi-bin/">
    Options ExecCGI
    SetHandler cgi-script
</Directory>


    Then, presuming that UserDir is set to
    public_html, a cgi program example.cgi
    could be loaded from that directory as:

    
    http://example.com/~rbowen/cgi-bin/example.cgi
    

    

Allowing users to alter configuration
    

    If you want to allows users to modify the server configuration in
    their web space, they will need to use .htaccess files to
    make these changes. Ensure that you have set AllowOverride to a
    value sufficient for the directives that you want to permit the users
    to modify. See the .htaccess tutorial for
    additional details on how this works.

  

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CommentsNotice:This is not a Q&A section. Comments placed here should be pointed towards suggestions on improving the documentation or server, and may be removed again by our moderators if they are either implemented or considered invalid/off-topic. Questions on how to manage the Apache HTTP Server should be directed at either our IRC channel, #httpd, on Freenode, or sent to our mailing lists.

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